According to an article in Scientific American, customized monkeys are now all the rage in the biomedical community. Instead of using mice, researchers are looking toward using primates. This comes at a time when airlines are refusing to transport research monkeys and when many primates are being retired from research facilities. So, which direction are we going in when it comes to using nonhuman animals as research subjects? Are we committed to reducing the numbers who are subjected to the rigors of the research laboratory, or are we creating mutant monkeys so we can use more of them in the labs? We seem to be fractured in our thinking about animals in research. What we do know is that animals who are used in laboratory research suffer, regardless of how well researchers care for them. They suffer because they are denied their lives. So, when you think about it…do we really need transgenic monkeys?